This is a town municipality in the west of Thailand
and part of Kanchanaburi Province.
In the late 18th century, Kanchanaburi was established by
King Rama I as a defensive outpost against possible Burmese attacks
in what is now Lat Ya subdistrict.
In 1833, the town was moved about 16 km towards the south-east
along the river to its present site during the reign of King Rama III.
In 1942 the province was under Japanese control.
It was here that Asian forced labourers and Allied POWs,
building the infamous Burma Railway, constructed a bridge;
an event immortalised in the films The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957),
Return from the River Kwai (1989) and The Railway Man (2013).
Almost half of the prisoners working on the project
died from disease, maltreatment, or accidents.
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